The purpose of the Climate Change Vulnerability Transportation Assessment Study is to identify the impacts of Climate Change on the transportation system in the Old Colony Region (OCPC), to examine those impacts, and to conduct a vulnerability assessment of the transportation system. The study process involves gathering information on transportation assets, identifying stressors due to Climate Change, evaluating the impact of the stresses on the transportation system, developing projects, plans, and policies to manage and adapt to climate change, and integrating projects into transportation programming. The study includes outreach to stakeholders for collaboration and input in identifying local priorities in adapting to the impacts of Climate Change, as well as collaborating and coordinating with federal and state directives, statutes, and initiatives in resilience planning and Climate Change adaptation.
What is Climate Change?
Weather is the short-term, day-to-day state of atmospheric changes. The variation in weather occurs in minutes to days, to weeks. Weather is the day-to-day condition of temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloudiness, visibility, and wind. Climate is the weather of a specific place averaged over a period of time, often 30 years. Climate Change occurs as the average temperature of a specific place rises gradually. This gradual rise in temperature is due to the presence of greenhouse gases and atmospheric pollution, (notably carbon) in the Earth’s atmosphere, which trap the sun’s heat. Climate Change happens due to an increase in global temperatures, which in turn brings extreme weather and extreme weather events as a result of the impact of increased levels of greenhouse gases due to air pollution. The graph below shows the shift in the average temperature over time, which results in increases in more hot weather and more extreme weather.